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عنوان لاتین: : Does it really worth investing in relationship marketing for a port business?
نویسندگان: : Aylin Caliskan, Soner Esmer
سال انتشار: : ۲۰۱۹
تعداد صفحه: : ۹ صفحه با فرمت pdf
نوع مقاله: : isi
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Abstract

Container terminals have been facing intense competition and continuously changing environment due to some forces such as strategic alliances, privatization, overlapping hinterlands, and global terminal operators. To justify high investment and operation costs and to achieve profitability container terminals must attain satisfactory cargo volumes. Practically, physical investments and cooperation among ports are current ways that ports struggle with new forces in the container transportation market. In addition, customer loyalty is an important asset for a port to ensure adequate flows. This study investigated the impacts of relationship marketing tactics on container terminals’ financial and non-financial performance indicators. The data was collected from 24 container terminals located in Turkey (134 responses) and analyzed through multilevel structural equation modeling. Based on the results our core conclusion is that the more a port implements relational marketing tactics, the higher the quality of the relationship with the customer, which then returns to it as the performance of the customer relationship and consequently the financial performance.

 

۶- Conclusion

Maritime industry is a market where characteristics of business to business marketing is presented significantly. In addition to this, maritime industry involves many intermediaries in daily operations. Stopford (2009) asserted that, the existence of the maritime industry depends on developing and obtaining the efficient relationships. According to the principles of relationship marketing, the efficiency of distribution channel as a system is a vital factor in terms of obtaining competitive advantage over the competitors (Morgan and Hunt, 1994). Without ignoring the importance of being a part of intermodal system, adaptation of infra and supra structure for bigger vessels and for different types cargoes, this research focuses on the other leg of strategies called relationship marketing to offer another way of gaining competitive advantage for port businesses. If relationship marketing investment do not impact positively the business performance both in terms of financial and non-financial, continuation of it doesn’t seem so meaningful. That’s why this research was conducted by means of a multilevel structural equation model (MSEM) that investigated the relationship between relationship marketing strategy applications and port performance. There are two reasons for using MSEM in this study. The first one is the existence of a mediator (relationship quality) in the research model. The second one is; data were collected from a total of 134 individuals from 24 ports. In other words, at least 4 people from each port were involved. Therefore, data were analyzed both within and between ports.

 

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